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Document ID (ISN)58621
CIS number 92-1636
ISSN - Serial title 0025-7818 - Medicina del lavoro
Year 1990
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ambridge E.M., Haines I.H., Lambert M.R.K.
Title Operator contamination during pesticide application to tropical crops
Bibliographic information Nov.-Dec. 1990, Vol.81, No.6, p.457-462. Illus. 6 ref.
Abstract Investigations to determine dermal contamination of rural farmers during pesticide application to tropical crops are described. Contamination patterns and levels vary according to crop type and height, and application method. Non-toxic model pesticides and tracer dyes were applied to rice, vegetable, mango, cotton and coffee crops in the Philippines, Thailand, Tanzania and Malawi, using knapsack and ULV spinning disc sprayers. Tracer dye falling on the operator during application was measured for each type of crop sprayed. Mean gross dermal deposits of dye were: rice 97mg/h; mango 257mg/h; vegetables 103mg/h; cotton 220mg/h; coffee 95mg/h. The implications of these gross dermal deposit figures in relation to pesticide contamination and hazard are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) pesticides; skin absorption; developing countries; agriculture; plantations; crop protection
Descriptors (secondary) Malawi; Tanzania, United Republic of; Thailand; Philippines
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Agricultural chemicals