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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)58396
CIS number 92-1254
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Vahter M., Berglund M., Lind B., Jorhem L., Slorach S., Friberg L.
Title Personal monitoring of lead and cadmium exposure - a Swedish study with special reference to methodological aspects
Bibliographic information Feb. 1991, Vol.17, No.1, p.65-74. Illus. 41 ref.
Abstract Methods for determining personal exposure to lead and cadmium were tested in Stockholm in 1988. Lead and cadmium in breathing-zone air, 24-h duplicate diets, and faeces of 15 nonsmoking women (27-46 years of age) were studied. Blood was collected at the beginning of and immediately after the test period (seven consecutive days). Most technical problems were encountered in the 24-h collection of airborne particles. The pumps were noisy, and the batteries had to be recharged every 6-8h. The lead and cadmium levels in faeces were found to be useful indicators of the total ingested amounts of these metals. Because of the large day-to-day variation in the dietary intake of lead and cadmium, the sampling period for duplicate diets and feces should be at least 5-6d.
Descriptors (primary) personal sampling; cadmium; exposure evaluation; lead
Descriptors (secondary) Sweden; case study; determination in excrements; determination in air; description of technique; diet
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceSweden
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Nutrition
Exposure evaluation
Lead and compounds
Cadmium and compounds
Inorganic substances