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Document ID (ISN)58134
CIS number 92-1001
ISSN - Serial title 0098-7484 - Journal of the American Medical Association
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Roscoe R.J., Steenland K., Halperin W.E., Beaumont J.J., Waxweiler R.J.
Title Lung cancer mortality among nonsmoking uranium miners exposed to radon daughters
Bibliographic information 4 Aug. 1989, Vol.262, No.5, p.629-633. 23 ref.
Abstract In a follow-up study (1950-1984) of 516 nonsmoking uranium miners, 14 deaths from lung cancer were observed compared with 1.1 expected in a reference group of nonsmoking nonminers, yielding an overall standardised mortality ratio of 12.7. Working level months (WLM) of exposure to radon daughters were estimated and it was concluded that there is a 12-fold mortality risk of lung cancer for nonsmoking uranium miners exposed to radon daughters at a median level of 296 WLM, when compared with nonsmoking nonminers. Results confirm that exposure to radon daughters in the absence of cigarette smoking is a potent cancer-causing factor that should be strictly controlled.
Descriptors (primary) ionizing radiation; USA; uranium mining; lung cancer; radon daughters
Descriptors (secondary) radon; smoking; statistical evaluation; epidemiologic study; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying
Inorganic substances
Ionizing radiation