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Document ID (ISN)58110
CIS number 92-983
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rothman N., Ford D.P., Baser M.E., Hansen J.A., O'Toole T., Tockman M.S., Strickland P.T.
Title Pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in wildland firefighters
Bibliographic information Nov. 1991, Vol.33, No.11, p.1163-1167. 21 ref.
Abstract Cross-seasonal changes in pulmonary function and respiratory symptoms in 52 wildland firefighters were studied. The mean cross-seasonal change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) was -1.2% with a corresponding mean change in forced vital capacity (FVC) of -0.3%. Decreases in FEV1 and FVC were most strongly associated with hours of recent fire fighting activity (p=.002 and .01, respectively). When the study group was divided into 3 categories based on recent fire fighting activity, firefighters in the high activity category (>20 hours in a week) had a -2.9% (130mL) change in FEV1 and a -1.9% (102mL) change in FVC. There was a significant cross-seasonal increase in most respiratory symptoms evaluated. Several symptoms (eye and nose irritation, and wheezing) were associated with recent fire fighting. These findings suggest that wildland firefighters experience a small cross-seasonal decline in pulmonary function and an increase in several respiratory symptoms.
Descriptors (primary) fire fighting; symptoms; respiratory impairment; ventilatory capacity; pulmonary function
Descriptors (secondary) seasonal variation; USA; California; one-second forced expiratory volume; irritation; maximal expiratory flow; eye irritation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Fires
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)