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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)58092
CIS number 92-1045
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Serxner S., Catalano R., Dooley D., Mishra S.
Title Tobacco use: Selection, stress, or culture?
Bibliographic information Oct. 1991, Vol.33, No.10, p.1035-1039. 25 ref.
Abstract The effects of selection (personal characteristics), job stress, and culture models on the association between occupation and smoking were empirically estimated on a random sample of 2,362 employed adults in Orange County (California, USA), using data collected through the Orange County Health Survey. The largest proportion of smokers were blue-collar workers (32.4%). The logistic regression analysis results indicated that age, sex, education, ethnicity, job stress, and the industry in which employees work had significant impact on the risk of smoking. The findings imply that all three models contribute to smoking behaviour. Smoking cessation and prevention programmes may include elements that address both stress and environment in intervention design. Stress models imply that such programmes should focus on change in individual coping mechanisms; social environment models imply that change in group norms and attitudes is necessary.
Descriptors (primary) individual variables; smoking; stress factors; social aspects; industries; cultural variables; risk factors
Descriptors (secondary) USA; California; blue-collar workers; sex-linked differences; age-linked differences
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Smoking
Mental stress and burnout