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Document ID (ISN)57738
CIS number 92-546
ISSN - Serial title 0090-4341 - Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Obendorf S.K., Kasunick R.S., Ravichandran V., Borsa J., Coffman C.W.
Title Starch as a renewable finish to improve the pesticide-protective properties of conventional workclothes
Bibliographic information July 1991, Vol.21, No.1, p.10-16. Illus. 23 ref.
Abstract Because many pesticide handlers persist in wearing and reusing conventional workclothes, a renewable functional finish that enhances the pesticide-protective qualities of fabrics would be useful. This study investigated the ability of starch to act as a pesticide trap, preventing transfer and increasing removal by laundering, and the effect of carboxymethyl cellulose on release of pesticides in laundry. The retention and distribution of methyl parathion (MeP) on 65% polyester/35% cotton fabric was studied with 4 finishes: starch and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) as non-durable finishes; durable press resin (DP) and durable press/carboxymethyl cellulose (DC/CMC) as durable finishes. These studies support the intriguing theory that starch can act as a pesticide trap on the fabric surface to decrease pesticide transfer and to enhance pesticide removal. Extensive penetration studies, field studies, and additional investigation of fibre yarn, and fabric parameters are needed to further quantify the effects of starch.
Descriptors (primary) pesticides; fabrics for protective clothing; starch; clothing
Descriptors (secondary) permeability testing; crop protection
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Personal protection
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Agricultural chemicals
Heat and cold