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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)56962
CIS number 91-1999
ISBN(s) 0-11-885493-3
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Health and Safety Executive
Title The fires and explosion at BP Oil (Grangemouth) Refinery Ltd
Bibliographic information HMSO Books, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, United Kingdom, 1989. 44p. Illus. 3 ref. Price: GBP 7.50.
Abstract This report describes the investigations into 3 separate maintenance related incidents within a major British company in 1987. Investigation of a fire of flammable liquids during maintenance of a refinery flare system showed that potential ignition sources had not been rigorously excluded, means of escape were inadequate, and permit-to-work procedures had been implemented without sufficient awareness of potential hazards. A fire and explosion during recommissioning of a refinery hydrocracker resulted from the rupture of a vessel following breakthrough of high pressure hydrogen, probably caused by inadequate operating practices and the disconnection of safety devices. Evasion of safety rules led to a fire in a storage tank at a crude oil terminal; smoking caused ignition.
Descriptors (primary) United Kingdom; fire; petroleum refining; major hazards; gas explosions
Descriptors (secondary) flammable liquids; report; sources of ignition; maintenance; disobeying safety instructions; unsafe practices; management failure; material failure; permits-to-work; accident descriptions
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Country / State or ProvinceUnited Kingdom
Subject(s) Fire and explosions
Broad subject area(s) Fires, explosions and major hazards
Browse category(ies) Major hazards
Petrochemical industry
Petroleum and natural gas industry