ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)56273
CIS number 91-1163
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1991
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Marsh G.M., Enterline P.E., McCraw D.
Title Mortality patterns among petroleum refinery and chemical plant workers
Bibliographic information 1991, Vol.19, No.1, p.29-42. Illus. 67 ref.
Abstract A historical cohort study was conducted to evaluate the mortality experience of 6,831 employees of the Shell Oil Company, Deer Park, Texas, petroleum refinery and chemical plant with emphasis on cancer mortality. Subjects were all workers with potential plant exposure who were employed for at least 3 months during 1948-72. Vital status was determined as of 12/31/83 for 98% of the cohort and death certificates were obtained for 95.4% of 1,180 observed deaths. An analysis of specific cancer sites revealed patterns of increased risk suggestive of a possible relationship between occupational exposures in the refinery and lympho-reticulosarcoma. Patterns of increased risk were also observed among chemical plant workers for a category of lymphopoietic tissue cancers. Some very limited evidence of a possible workplace association was also found among refinery workers for leukaemia and cancers of the central nervous system and biliary passages/liver. No evidence was found of an increased risk for cancer of the respiratory system or stomach or for malignant melanoma.
Descriptors (primary) chemical industry; mortality; neoplasms; petroleum refining; occupation disease relation
Descriptors (secondary) leukaemia; USA; lymphosarcoma; epidemiologic study; lymphatic diseases; brain cancer; liver cancer; myeloma
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Petroleum and natural gas industry
Petrochemical industry
Chemical industry