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Document ID (ISN)56081
CIS number 91-858
ISSN - Serial title 0098-7484 - Journal of the American Medical Association
Year 1990
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Becker M.E.
Title Can employers exclude women to protect children?
Bibliographic information 24/31 Oct. 1990, Vol.264, No.16, p.2113-2117. 53 ref.
Abstract This article discusses the legal issues involved when an employer is suspected of discrimination on the basis of sex when excluding fertile women from situations of foetal risk through maternal exposure. To date, 6 cases raising this issue have reached US federal or state courts of appeals. Instances are given where exposure to harmful substances, in particular to lead, can cause reproductive effects in men as well as women. It is considered that employer decisions to exclude fertile women from certain jobs will not eliminate occupational foetal hazards; there is no rational basis for treating male and female workers differently in this respect.
Descriptors (primary) antifertility effects; USA; discriminatory practices; legislation; women
Descriptors (secondary) legal aspects; expectant mothers; lead
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Antifertility and prenatal effects