|Document ID (ISN)||55275|
|Convention or series no.
||Environmental Health Criteria 105
International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)
||Selected mycotoxins: Ochratoxins, trichothecenes, ergot
||World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 263p. Bibl.ref. Price: CHF 29.00; Price in developing countries: CHF 20.30.
||Human exposure to mycotoxins has been documented mainly through food contamination. Information on adverse health effects is, however, scarce. Epidemiological data indicate that Balkan nephropahty may be associated with food contamination by ochratoxin A and a significant relationship has been observed between Balkan nephropathy and tumours of the urinary tract. Reported cases of illness associated with exposure to trichothecenes are scarce and none has been established as being due to trichothecenes, although two disease outbreaks associated with the consumption of contaminated wheat suggest a causative role. Claviceps-infected grain is a source of human exposure to ergolines, and several outbreaks of ergotism have been reported. Detailed summaries in French and Spanish.
||cereals; IPCS; WHO; mycotoxins; hazard evaluation; ochratoxin A; toxicology; renal diseases; T2-trichothecene
||literature survey; ILO; UNEP; criteria document; animal experiments; health hazards; food contamination; metabolic process
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Diseases of the kidney and the urinary system