|Document ID (ISN)||55249|
|Convention or series no.
||IARC Monographs 49
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
||IARC Monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans - Chromium, nickel and welding
||World Health Organization, Distribution and Sales Service, 1211 Genève 27, Switzerland, 1990. 677p. Bibl. ref. Price: CHF 95.00; USD 76.00.
||Monographs providing chemical and physical data for chromium and nickel and their compounds, details of production, use, occurrence and analysis, and a review of biological data relevant to the evaluation of carcinogenic risk to humans. It is concluded that chromium (VI) compounds are carcinogenic to humans, while metallic chromium (III) compounds are not classifiable as to their carcinogenicity. Nickel sulfate and combinations of nickel sulfides and oxides are considered to be carcinogenic, while metallic nickel is possibly carcinogenic. The major welding processes are described along with the composition of welding fumes, operational exposures of welders and relevant biological data. Welding fumes are evaluated as being possibly carcinogenic in humans.
||carcinogens; nickel and compounds; chromium and compounds; welding fumes; hazard evaluation; IARC
||nickel(II) sulfide; lead chromate oxide; nickel subsulfide; nickel disulfide; nickel; nickel sulfate; nickel carbonyl; chromium trichloride; basic chromium sulfate; nickel(II) oxide; dinickel trioxide; sodium dichromate; strontium chromate; zinc chromate; nickel acetate; nickelocene; chromium acetate; exposure evaluation; animal experiments; carcinogenic effects; nickel(II) chloride; nickel(II) hydroxide; occurrence; uses; chromium; chromium oxide; calcium chromate; chromium dioxide; chromium trioxide; barium chromate; lead chromate; chemical analysis; literature survey
||E - Books, reports, proceedings
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Nickel and compounds