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Document ID (ISN)54663
CIS number 90-1750
ISSN - Serial title 0001-4575 - Accident Analysis and Prevention
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Guastello S.J.
Title Catastrophe modeling of the accident process: Evaluation of an accident reduction program using the occupational hazards survey
Bibliographic information Feb. 1989, Vol.21, No.1, p.61-77. Illus. 74 ref.
Abstract In an attempt to explain and predict the contribution of human error to occupational accidents, an accident process model based on catastrophe theory was developed and tested. The Occupational Hazards Survey was used to gather data from US mill and foundry workers pertaining to hazards and dangers, adequacy of safety management, stress, anxiety, and beliefs about accident control. The experiment evaluated change in accident rates as a function of initial accident rates, survey variables, group size and implementations of recommendations derived from the survey data. It was concluded that qualitative variables and recommendations significantly impacted on accident rates, and that the nonlinear model was a superior predictor of change when compared with a linear model containing the same qualitative variables.
Descriptors (primary) occupational safety; human factors; mathematical models; safety programmes; accident research
Descriptors (secondary) questionnaire survey; theoretical analysis; foundries; statistical evaluation; human failure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Country / State or ProvinceUSA
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Safety programmes
Accident research