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Document ID (ISN)54248
CIS number 90-1380
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nurminen T., Lusa S., Ilmarinen J., Kurppa K.
Title Physical workload, fetal development and course of pregnancy
Bibliographic information Dec. 1989, Vol.15, No.6, p.404-414. 36 ref.
Abstract The effects of physical workload during pregnancy were analysed in connection with a nationwide case-referent study that screened for associations between selected structural malformations and occupational exposures. The strain of the occupational activities of 1475 mothers of malformed infants and an equal number of mothers of noncase babies was assessed from a description of the work tasks by an expert using a standardised method reflecting energy expenditure. The noncase mothers' experience revealed a relation between physical load and growth retardation that has also been suggested by other epidemiologic studies. No relation was found between an increase in mean physical load and the occurrence of threatened abortion; yet work involving much standing had an increased risk. Mothers whose work included occasional high physical loads had more pregnancy-induced hypertension. The data showed unexpected associations between physical load and structural malformations.
Descriptors (primary) physical workload; expectant mothers; teratogenic effects
Descriptors (secondary) hypertension; questionnaire survey; abortion; energy expenditure
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Physiology, ergonomics
Browse category(ies) Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Antifertility and prenatal effects