|Document ID (ISN)||54160|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0016-9900 - Gigiena i sanitarija
|Convention or series no.
||Kostrodymov N.N., Lifljand L.M.
||Hygienic significance of air pollution with tobacco dust
||Gigieničeskoe značenie zagrjaznenija vozdušnoj sredy tabačnoj pyl'ju [in Russian]|
||July 1988, No.7, p.60-62. 39 ref.
||This literature survey presents in concise form data on tobacco production at home and abroad, chemical composition of tobacco and health effects of tobacco dust on experimental animals and tobacco industry workers. Nicotine, pesticide residues and flavourants seem to be the main health hazards in the industry. Experimental data on animals are consistent with field observations on humans. Female tobacco workers often suffer late toxaemia of pregnancy, abnormal pregnancy interruptions and weakness in labour. Infants born to exposed mothers more frequently show signs of asphyxia and congenital anomalies at birth than those of control women. Tobacco workers suffer allergic disorders in the form of allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, hepatitis and asthma. Occupational exposure to tobacco dust also affects the cardiovascular system (strong palpitation, heartache, dyspnoea). Arterial hypertension, hypotension, S-A bradycardia, tachycardia and arrhythmia have also been observed. The data call for further probing of the biological effects of tobacco dust, hygienic evaluations of tobacco manufacturing undertakings' environmental conditions and working out of measures for controlling atmospheric pollution by these undertakings.
||tobacco industry; carbohydrates; amino acids; amines; tobacco; nicotine; biological effects; organic acids; pesticides; phenols; dust; occupational hygiene evaluation; toxicity evaluation; essential oils
||literature survey; asphyxia; sensitization dermatitis; hypertension; arrhythmia; toxicoses; sinusitis; bradycardia; allergies; tonsillitis; cardiovascular disorders; bronchitis; allergic rhinitis; allergic asthma; hypotension; hepatitis; complications of pregnancy; exposure evaluation; animal experiments; atmospheric pollution; antifertility effects
||D - Periodical articles
||Food, beverage and tobacco industries
|Broad subject area(s)
||Industries and occupations
||Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Phenols and phenolic compounds