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Document ID (ISN)54160
CIS number 90-1244
ISSN - Serial title 0016-9900 - Gigiena i sanitarija
Year 1988
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kostrodymov N.N., Lifljand L.M.
Title Hygienic significance of air pollution with tobacco dust
Original title Gigieničeskoe značenie zagrjaznenija vozdušnoj sredy tabačnoj pyl'ju [in Russian]
Bibliographic information July 1988, No.7, p.60-62. 39 ref.
Abstract This literature survey presents in concise form data on tobacco production at home and abroad, chemical composition of tobacco and health effects of tobacco dust on experimental animals and tobacco industry workers. Nicotine, pesticide residues and flavourants seem to be the main health hazards in the industry. Experimental data on animals are consistent with field observations on humans. Female tobacco workers often suffer late toxaemia of pregnancy, abnormal pregnancy interruptions and weakness in labour. Infants born to exposed mothers more frequently show signs of asphyxia and congenital anomalies at birth than those of control women. Tobacco workers suffer allergic disorders in the form of allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, hepatitis and asthma. Occupational exposure to tobacco dust also affects the cardiovascular system (strong palpitation, heartache, dyspnoea). Arterial hypertension, hypotension, S-A bradycardia, tachycardia and arrhythmia have also been observed. The data call for further probing of the biological effects of tobacco dust, hygienic evaluations of tobacco manufacturing undertakings' environmental conditions and working out of measures for controlling atmospheric pollution by these undertakings.
Descriptors (primary) tobacco industry; carbohydrates; amino acids; amines; tobacco; nicotine; biological effects; organic acids; pesticides; phenols; dust; occupational hygiene evaluation; toxicity evaluation; essential oils
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; asphyxia; sensitization dermatitis; hypertension; arrhythmia; toxicoses; sinusitis; bradycardia; allergies; tonsillitis; cardiovascular disorders; bronchitis; allergic rhinitis; allergic asthma; hypotension; hepatitis; complications of pregnancy; exposure evaluation; animal experiments; atmospheric pollution; antifertility effects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Food, beverage and tobacco industries
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Agricultural chemicals
Tobacco industry
Phenols and phenolic compounds
Alcohols
Heterocyclic compounds
Organic acids