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Document ID (ISN)53876
CIS number 90-847
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) De Boer E.M., Van Ketel W.G., Bruynzeel D.P.
Title Dermatoses in metal workers - I. Irritant contact dermatitis
Bibliographic information Mar. 1989, Vol.20, No.3, p.212-218. 22 ref.
Abstract In an epidemiological study of 286 metalworkers exposed to metalworking fluids (MWF), the prevalence of skin problems was investigated. Minor changes such as dry, rough skin with slight erythema were seen in 31%, and major changes, such as more serious and widespread dermatitis, were observed in 27% of all workers. By far the most cases were of irritant origin; in only 2.8% was a contact sensitisation established. Exposure to water-based MWF caused irritant contact dermatitis more often than exposure to neat oils. No influence was found of the presence of atopy on the occurrence of dermatitis. Other factors that may result in irritation of the skin are discussed as well as measures to be taken to minimise insult of the skin.
Descriptors (primary) machinery industry; sensitization dermatitis; copper; aluminium; exposure evaluation; skin diseases; skin allergies; cutting fluids; brass
Descriptors (secondary) epidemiologic study; skin tests; personal protective equipment
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Copper and compounds
Exposure evaluation
Skin diseases
Allergies
Metalworking industry