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Document ID (ISN)53726
CIS number 90-933
ISSN - Serial title 0003-9896 - Archives of Environmental Health
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kononen D.W., Kintner H.J., Bivol K.R.
Title Air lead exposures and blood lead levels within a large automobile manufacturing workforce, 1980-1985
Bibliographic information July-Aug. 1989, Vol.44, No.4, P.244-251. Illus. 17 ref.
Abstract Recent (1980-1985) trends in air lead (PbA) exposures and blood lead (PbB) levels experienced by approximately 10,000 workers employed in various stages of the automobile manufacturing process (i.e. auto assembly, lead-acid battery manufacture, foundry work, and "other" manufacturing-related operations) are described. Between 1980-1985, the mean PbB levels of assembly, battery, foundry, and "other" workers decreased by 28, 24, 3, and 27%, respectively, to 16.6, 23.6, 15.9, and 11.8µg Pb/dL. Workers in the following job categories experienced the highest annual mean PbB levels: paste machine operators (battery plants), solder-grinders (assembly plants), and crane operators (foundries). During the same period median 8-h Time-Weighted Average PbA exposures (µg Pb/m3) in assembly plants, battery plants, and foundries decreased by 10, 12, and 20%, respectively, to 8.1, 13.6, and 10.9µg/m3.
Descriptors (primary) motor vehicle industry; lead
Descriptors (secondary) exposure evaluation; determination in blood; determination in air
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Metal production and metalworking
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Inorganic substances
Motor vehicle manufacturing industry
Lead and compounds