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Document ID (ISN)53723
CIS number 90-852
ISSN - Serial title 0003-9896 - Archives of Environmental Health
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kjaergaard S.K., Pedersen O.F., Frydenberg M., Sch°nheyder H., Andersen P., Bonde G.J.
Title Respiratory disease and lung function in a tobacco industry
Bibliographic information May-June 1989, Vol.44, No.3, p.164-170. Illus. 22 ref.
Abstract In a field study, 75 workers from a cheroot factory were compared with 50 reference workers from a large telephone company. Questionnaire responses revealed higher prevalences of cough and shortness of breath on exercise among the tobacco workers than among the controls. Cigarette smoking was the same in the two groups, but tobacco workers also smoked cheeroots. Significantly decreased values (p<.01) of forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1.0) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were found among tobacco workers compared to referents. After adjusting for number of cigarettes and cheroots smoked, there remained no significant differences. There was a suggestion (p < .10) of decreased FEV1.0 among light or nonsmoking tobacco workers. When cigarette consumption only was considered, this difference was significant (p<.01). Lung function values were not associated with the very low measured dust exposures. Bronchial reactivity to inhaled histamine, diurnal and weekly changes in FEV1.0 skin-prick tests were similar to that expected in a nonexposed population. Differences in lung function between the two groups may result from excess cheroot consumption and higher previous exposure to tobacco dust among the tobacco workers.
Descriptors (primary) tobacco industry; respiratory diseases; smoking
Descriptors (secondary) questionnaire survey; spirometry; respiratory function tests
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Occupational medicine, epidemiology
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Tobacco industry
Smoking