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Document ID (ISN)53194
CIS number 90-214
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tuominen M., Tuominen R., Ranta K., Ranta H.
Title Association between acid fumes in the work environment and dental erosion
Bibliographic information Oct. 1989, Vol.15, No.5, p.335-338. 16 ref.
Abstract A sample of 186 workers was drawn from four factories. Among the 157 dentulous (having natural teeth) participants, 76 were working in departments containing acid fumes, and 81 had never worked under such conditions and were used as referents. Of the acid workers 18.4% had one or more teeth with erosion, and the corresponding figure for the referents was 8.6%. With a longer duration of exposure the proportion of subjects with erosion increased. The acid workers had more teeth with erosion than the referents, especially upper anterior teeth. The findings suggest that even today exposure to inorganic acid fumes from the work environment may increase the erosion of teeth, especialy of the upper anterior teeth, which are not continuously protected by saliva and the lips.
Descriptors (primary) dental erosion; inorganic acids; atmospheric pollution; mists; aerosols
Descriptors (secondary) diseases of teeth; comparative study; length of exposure; occupational health survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Mouth and teeth diseases
Inorganic acids
Environmental pollution
Air pollution