|Document ID (ISN)||53160|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0007-1072 - British Journal of Industrial Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Gun R.T., Grycorcewicz C., Esterman A.J., Bedwards J.B.
||Ultralow volume application of organophosphate concentrate in grain terminals: A new occupational health hazard
||Dec. 1988, Vol.45, No.12, p.834-837. Illus. 10 ref.
||The introduction of ultralow volume (ULV) application of the organophosphate pesticide Fenitrothion in grain terminals presents a risk to workers of skin contact with concentrate. Blood testing, by the Ellman method, of a group of 5 grain terminal workers working on grain treatment showed a lowering of mean red blood cell cholinesterase (RBC ChE) activity to 23 units/gmHb (normal value 28-40) with a range of 16-29. The probable cause was identified as percutaneous absorption of Fenitrothion concentrate by workers using ungloved hands to clean blocked drip feed nozzles. Modification of work practices was followed by a rise of mean RBC ChE to 33.6 units/gmHb (range 32-36).
||organophosphorus compounds; enzyme disturbances; metathion; hazard evaluation; pesticides
||dangerous substances; skin absorption; enzymological tests; biochemical tests; toxicity evaluation
||D - Periodical articles
||Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
|Broad subject area(s)
Esters and salts