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Document ID (ISN)53149
CIS number 90-91
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Rodricks J.V., Taylor M.R.
Title Comparison of risk management in US regulatory agencies
Bibliographic information May 1989, Vol.21, No.3, p.239-253. 13 ref.
Abstract Although regulatory agencies in the United States have achieved substantial uniformity in the assessment of risks to human health from hazardous substances, it is not difficult to identify what appear to be quite different approaches to the agencies' management of these risks. One of many examples appears in the different levels of cancer risk (and corresponding levels of allowable exposure) found acceptable by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for the human carcinogen vinyl chloride. Even within EPA, permissible vinyl chloride exposure levels differ among programmes. Thus, one can experience quite different levels of permitted vinyl chloride exposure depending on whether one is breathing air near a manufacturing facility, working within that facility, drinking contaminated water, or ingesting beverages stored in certain plastic bottles. Inconsistencies such as these are partly explained by differences in statutory requirements, but also exist because of inadequacies in technical analyses regarding the meaning of terms such as "significant risk".
Descriptors (primary) USA; vinyl chloride; role of government; hazard evaluation; risk factors; toxic substances
Descriptors (secondary) case study; comment on law; legislation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) General safety, health and conditions of work
Browse category(ies) Halogenated hydrocarbons
Risk evaluation