ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)53148
CIS number 90-182
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 1989
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Robins J.M., Blevins D., Schneiderman M.
Title The effective number of cigarettes inhaled daily by passive smokers: Are epidemiologic and dosimetric estimates consistent?
Bibliographic information May 1989, Vol.21, No.3, p.215-238. 18 ref.
Abstract Since the early 1980's, a number of epidemiologic studies have implicated environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) as a cause of lung cancer among non-smokers passively exposed to other people's tobacco smoke. A recent National Academy of Science Report (USA) on environmental tobacco smoke (NAS, 1986) summarised 13 such studies. Each study provided an estimate of the ratio of the lung cancer mortality rate among non-smokers with smoking spouses to the mortality rate among those with non-smoking spouses. The weighted average of the 13 study-specific rate ratios was roughly 1.3. It is shown that if this summary rate ratio is causally related to ETS and not to bias then the estimated number of lung cancer deaths attributable to ETS exposure occurring in US non-smokers in 1985 lies in the range of 2500-5000. Further it is examined whether the summary rate ratio of 1.3 is consistent with the existing epidemiologic data on active smokers and the dosimetric measurements that have been made on mainstream and environmental tobacco smoke. If consistent with this other data, the hypothesis is that the rate ratio of 1.3 is causally related to ETS exposure will be strengthened.
Descriptors (primary) hazard evaluation; passive smoking
Descriptors (secondary) lung cancer; epidemiological aspects
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Smoking
Passive smoking
Risk evaluation