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Document ID (ISN)52348
CIS number 89-1547
ISSN - Serial title 0003-9896 - Archives of Environmental Health
Year 1987
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Alexandersson R., Plato N., Hedman B.K., Hedenstierna G.
Title Exposure, lung function, and symptoms in car painters exposed to hexamethylene diisocyanate and biuret modified hexamethylene diisocyanate
Bibliographic information Nov.-Dec. 1987, Vol.42, No.6, p.367-373. 42 ref.
Abstract The mean exposure to biuret-modified hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI-BT) was 115µg/m3 in the air (range 10-385µg/m3), which exceeds the time-weighted Swedish threshold level of 90µg/m3. Exposure to hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) was about 1.0µg/m3 with brief peaks. This study investigated the effects of HDI and HDI-BT on lung function and included car platers, exposed to the same solvents and grinding dust as painters, but not to isocyanates, and car mechanics, not exposed to the agents. Car painters and platers were compared to mechanics on Monday before work. Acute effects of painting were tested by comparing the lung function values on Monday morning with those on Friday afternoon. Spirometry in painters and platers did not differ from that in mechanics. Closing volume in relation to vital capacity was increased in painters, suggestive of a "small airways disease" on Monday before work and tended to increase during a work week. Platers did not differ from mechanics.
Descriptors (primary) hexamethylene diisocyanate; hexamethylene diisocyanate biuret; symptoms; exposure; vehicle repair and servicing; respiratory impairment; paint spraying
Descriptors (secondary) respiratory function tests
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Surface treatment
Isocyanates
Cyano compounds
Road transportation