|Document ID (ISN)||52050|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
|Convention or series no.
||Suruda A., Smith G., Baker S.P.
||Deaths from trench cave-in in the construction industry
||July 1988, Vol.30, No.7, p.552-555. Illus. 20 ref.
||At least 70 construction workers die each year in trench cave-ins, and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards for work in trenches have been criticised as hard to understand and inadequate. This study examined 306 fatal cases, obtained mainly from OSHA investigations, from 1974 to 1986. Most of the deaths occurred in shallow trenches while the victims were digging sewer lines, and were caused by failing to shore or brace the walls of the trench. The risk of cave-in death was higher among young workers and those in small firms; only 12% of the deaths were in unionised companies. OSHA issued citations in 94% of the cases, with fines ranging up to $58,400; the average fine was $1,991 per death. Death due to cave-in is a significant risk for construction workers, and can be prevented by proper protective measures.
||trenching and excavating; USA; causes of accidents; fatalities; construction industry
||comment on standard; statistical aspects
||D - Periodical articles
|Broad subject area(s)
||Trenching and excavating
Construction industry and civil engineering