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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)50584
CIS number 88-1985
ISSN - Serial title 0271-3586 - American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1987
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Xue S.
Title Health effects of pesticides: A review of epidemiologic research from the perspective of developing nations
Bibliographic information 1987, Vol.12, No.3, p.269-279. 60 ref.
Abstract Acute poisoning among pesticide applicators is still a prominent health hazard in rural areas in developing countries. Data from China show that with a well organised grass-roots-level network of primary health care services, poisoning episodes can be prevented through the dissemination of information on the hazards and provision of prevention training courses. Among pesticide manufacturing workers, especially manual packers of organophosphorus insecticides, there is suggestive evidence of subacute poisoning resulting from continuous low-level exposure. Present evidence indicates a positive association between excess human cancer and the use of chlorinated hydrocarbon insecticides, between soft tissue sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's leukaemia, and lymphoma, and phenoxyacetic and chlorophenol herbicides. Further study of the cause of subacute poisoning now requires analytical investigation.
Descriptors (primary) China; herbicides; occupational safety and health; developing countries; pesticides; insecticides; exposure evaluation; acute poisoning
Descriptors (secondary) toxic effects; neoplasms; leukaemia; epidemiological aspects; report; phenoxyacetic acids; organophosphorus compounds; lymphoma; toxic substances; hazard evaluation; survey; epidemiologic study; chlorinated hydrocarbons; chlorophenols; health services; teratogenic effects; health hazards; carcinogenic effects; safety and health training; safety literature; training material; training course
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) OSH in developing countries
Agricultural chemicals
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Exposure evaluation