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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)50350
CIS number 88-1695
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1987
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mur J.M., Meyer-Bisch C., Pham Q.T., Massin N., Moulin J.J., Cavelier C., Sadoul P.
Title Risk of lung cancer among iron ore miners: A proportional mortality study of 1,075 deceased miners in Lorraine, France
Bibliographic information Sep. 1987, Vol.29, No.9, p.762-768. 39 ref.
Abstract A study of 1,075 iron ore miners in Lorraine, France, who died between 1960 and 1976 showed a significant excess of lung cancer mortality. Moreover, proportionate lung cancer mortality increased with the duration of work underground (proportionate mortality ratio = 4.24 for subjects who worked underground for more than 30 years) and was higher among pneumoconiotic (siderotic) miners than among nonpneumoconiotic miners. These results were confirmed by a case-control study nested in the mortality study. Smoking habits could not be estimated retrospectively with sufficient accuracy to be taken into account. Occupational factors may also play a role; radiation exposure can be ruled out, but dust exposure may be considered as an aetiologic factor owing to the relation between siderosis and lung cancer.
Descriptors (primary) iron ore mining; France; exposure evaluation; lung cancer; hazard evaluation; mortality
Descriptors (secondary) smoking; statistical aspects; epidemiologic study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s) Physical hazards
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying
Risk evaluation
Exposure evaluation