|Document ID (ISN)||50178|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0355-9831 - Työterveyslaitoksen tutkimuksia
|Convention or series no.
||Mäkinen R., Kangas J., Korhonen K.
||Chemicals in the pulp industry - Use, exposure, and health risks in Finland
||Massateollisuuden kemikaalit - käyttö, altistuminen ja terveysvaarat Suomessa [in Finnish]|
||1986, Vol.4, No.1, p.17-30. Illus. 21 ref.
||In 1982 nearly 5.4 million tons of pulp were produced in the mills which responded to the questionnaire (80% of all mills). In order to produce this amount, approximately 1.6 million tons of chemials were required. In addition, 3.4 million tons of chemicals were circulated inside the mills, mainly cooking chemicals. 223 chemicals were reported. Exposure does not appear to be very severe in the pulp industry. Gases and aerosols causing lung damage must be considered the most harmful factors. 44 mills, employing 8,048 workers, gave details on accidents; in 1982, there were 24 chemical accidents, which caused a loss of 340 work days.
||inorganic chemicals; Finland; pulp and paper industry; hazard evaluation; organic compounds
||occupational hygiene; occupational safety; chlorine; chlorine dioxide; sodium hydroxide; carbon monoxide; calcium oxide; hydrogen peroxide; hydrogen sulfide; methanethiol; statistics; sulfur dioxide; carbon dioxide
||D - Periodical articles
||Paper-making and printing
|Broad subject area(s)
Paper and paper products industry