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Document ID (ISN)50178
CIS number 88-1286
ISSN - Serial title 0355-9831 - Työterveyslaitoksen tutkimuksia
Year 1986
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Mäkinen R., Kangas J., Korhonen K.
Title Chemicals in the pulp industry - Use, exposure, and health risks in Finland
Original title Massateollisuuden kemikaalit - käyttö, altistuminen ja terveysvaarat Suomessa [in Finnish]
Bibliographic information 1986, Vol.4, No.1, p.17-30. Illus. 21 ref.
Abstract In 1982 nearly 5.4 million tons of pulp were produced in the mills which responded to the questionnaire (80% of all mills). In order to produce this amount, approximately 1.6 million tons of chemials were required. In addition, 3.4 million tons of chemicals were circulated inside the mills, mainly cooking chemicals. 223 chemicals were reported. Exposure does not appear to be very severe in the pulp industry. Gases and aerosols causing lung damage must be considered the most harmful factors. 44 mills, employing 8,048 workers, gave details on accidents; in 1982, there were 24 chemical accidents, which caused a loss of 340 work days.
Descriptors (primary) inorganic chemicals; Finland; pulp and paper industry; hazard evaluation; organic compounds
Descriptors (secondary) occupational hygiene; occupational safety; chlorine; chlorine dioxide; sodium hydroxide; carbon monoxide; calcium oxide; hydrogen peroxide; hydrogen sulfide; methanethiol; statistics; sulfur dioxide; carbon dioxide
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Paper-making and printing
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Risk evaluation
Paper and paper products industry
Inorganic substances