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Document ID (ISN)50054
CIS number 88-1249
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1987
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ulfvarson U., Alexandersson R., Aringer L., Svensson E., Hedenstierna G., Hogstedt C., Holmberg B., RosÚn G., Sorsa M.
Title Effects of exposure to vehicle exhaust on health
Bibliographic information Dec. 1987, Vol.13, No.6, p.505-512. 39 ref.
Abstract Exposure to combustion engine exhaust and its effect on crews of roll-on roll-off ships and car ferries and on bus garage staff were studied. The peak concentrations recorded for some of the substances were: total particulates (diesel only) 1.0mg/m3, benzene (diesel) 0.3mg/m3, formaldehyde (gasoline and diesel) 0.8mg/m3, and nitrogen dioxide (diesel) 1.2mg/m3. The highest observed concentration of benzo(a)pyrene was 30ng/m3 from gasoline and diesel exhaust. In an experimental study, in which volunteers were exposed to diesel exhaust diluted with air to achieve a nitrogen dioxide concentration of 3.8mg/m3, no effect on pulmonary function was observed. Pulmonary function was affected during a workday of occupational exposure to engine emissions, but it normalised after a few days with no exposure. The impairment of pulmonary function had no appreciable, adverse, short-term impact on individual work capacity. Analyses of urinary mutagenicity and thioether excretion showed no sign of exposure to genotoxic compounds among the occupationally exposed workers or among the subjects in the experimental study.
Descriptors (primary) functional respiratory disorders; genetic effects; exhaust gases; road vehicles
Descriptors (secondary) mutagenic effects; thio ethers; determination in urine; roll-on roll-off ships; human experiments; garages
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Antifertility and prenatal effects
Road transportation
Genetic factors in reaction to exposures
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)