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Document ID (ISN)48936
CIS number 88-256
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1987
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Niinimńki A.
Title Scratch-chamber tests in food handler dermatitis
Bibliographic information Jan. 1987, Vol.16, No.1, p.11-20. Illus. 40 ref.
Abstract Foods were tested by the scratch-chamber and open application techniques in 80 hand dermatitits patients, 55 of whom were food handlers. Both immediate and delayed reactions were seen. Most immediate scratch-chamber test reactions were provoked by vegetables and spices in patients with birch pollen allergy, and most delayed reactions from spices in patients with allergy to balsam of Peru, and from onion and leek. The evaluation of allergic and irritant reactions was difficult. Positive open application tests were seen in about 75% of patients with immediate or delayed scratch-chamber reactions. Immediate reactions from vegetables, fish and meat, and delayed reactions from orange and lemon peel and onion showed the best clinical relevance. Wet work, surface-active agents and other irritant factors were considered the main causes, and food allergies only as contributory factors in food handler hand dermatitis.
Descriptors (primary) food; eczema; skin allergies; group catering
Descriptors (secondary) skin tests
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Commerce, services, offices
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases