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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)48716
CIS number 87-1374
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 1987
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Heising C.D.
Title Risk assessment: controlling hazardous materials
Bibliographic information May 1987, Vol.15, No.1-2, p.123-135. Illus. 19 ref.
Abstract Recent events such as the Bhopal chemical plant accident in India and the Chernobyl nuclear plant accident in the USSR have demonstrated that technologies have the potential to release hazardous materials to the environment with catastrophic consequences. This paper discusses probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) and suggests that this methodology can be useful in the regulatory arena. This conclusion is based both on previous experience (e.g. the Reactor Safety Study) and growing interest in the methodology from many different sectors, including regulatory agencies such as EPA, NASA, OSHA, and NRC, the military, in addition to the private sector, such as insurance companies. Since human error is a major contributor to accident risk in large technologies, this paper also discusses at some length how such error may be quantified in risk assessments, as well as how risk may be reduced through improved management practices. Finally, regulatory developments in this area, and future directions for change, are also highlighted.
Descriptors (primary) dangerous substances; disasters; hazard evaluation; chemical industry
Descriptors (secondary) legislation; USA
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Chemical safety
Browse category(ies) Chemical industry
Risk evaluation