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Document ID (ISN)48195
CIS number 87-946
ISSN - Serial title 0386-0264 - Journal of Transportation Medicine
Year 1986
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Sakuma K., Ohyama Y.
Title Study on the injuries of Japanese National Railways workers and the protective effect of helmets
Original title Chimeisotsu kara mita gyōmujo-gyōmugai shōbyō no hikaku narabi ni anzen ni taisuru igakuteki sekkinhō no 1-kōsatsu [in Japanese]
Bibliographic information Sep. 1986, Vol.40, No.5, p.294-298. Illus. 7 ref.
Abstract Among railway workers, the number of bodily injuries sustained on the job decreased yearly from 1957 and 1984. The main causes of injuries resulting in death were 1) being hit by a train (61% of all death cases), 2) falls, 3) traffic accidents, 4) electric shock. The lethality of bodily injury cases (i.e. percentage ratio of deaths to bodily injury cases requiring one day or more of absence from work) was high, 23.4% for being hit by trains, 5.3% for falls, 4.3% for traffic accidents, 14.3% for electric shock. For the 152 cases of death caused by being hit by trains between 1979 and 1984, the speed of the train was divided into three categories (a) below 24km/h, (b) 25-45km/h, (c) above 46km/h. In the cases where helmets were worn the lethality was (a) 13.8% (b) 28.6%, (c) 63.2%. In the cases without helmets, the lethality was (A) 22.7%, (B) 28.6%, (C) 80.0%. These data suggest that the rate of deaths can be reduced by wearing helmets.
Descriptors (primary) Japan; fatalities; safety helmets; rail transport
Descriptors (secondary) statistics
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s) Industries and occupations
Browse category(ies) Rail transportation
Head protection