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Document ID (ISN)47548
CIS number 87-360
ISSN - Serial title 0301-0023 - Journal of the Society of Occupational Medicine
Year 1986
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Emery M.
Title Alcohol and safety in industry
Bibliographic information Spring 1986, Vol.36, No.1, p.18-23. 22 ref.
Abstract The problem of alcohol consumption as an accident factor is reviewed in the light of recent studies, some of which dealt in depth with the accident time factor, the alcohol uptake of the injured and the personality of the victims of alcohol-induced accidents. The present practice for employers is to send intoxicated workers home without being able to judge the degree of intoxication, and the Law in the United Kingdom has as yet nothing specific to say about alcohol in employment. The article gives data on the strength of various alcoholic drinks and on blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) after drinking, explains the role of the liver in oxidising the absorbed alcohol, shows how to calculate a person's theoretical BAC and describes the effect of alcohol on behaviour and safety. In conclusion, it is suggested a firmer attitude towards alcoholism be adopted: the companies should decide on effective policies with a view to reducing excessive consumption of alcoholic drinks.
Descriptors (primary) alcohol consumption and accidents; psychology of accidents
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; alcoholism; alcoholic beverages
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s) Stress, psychosocial factors
Browse category(ies) Psychological factors
Alcohol and drug abuse