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Document ID (ISN)47001
CIS number 86-1858
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1986
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Wallace L., Pellizzari E., Hartwell T., Zelon H., Sparacino C., Perritt R., Whitmore R.
Title Concentrations of 20 volatile organic compounds in the air and drinking water of 350 residents of New Jersey compared with concentrations in their exhaled breath
Bibliographic information Aug. 1986, Vol.28, No.8, p.603-608. 16 ref.
Abstract Twenty volatile organic compounds were measured in the personal air and drinking water of 350 New Jersey (USA) residents in the fall of 1981. Two consecutive 12-hour integrated personal air samples and 2 tap water samples were collected from each participant. At the end of the 24-hour monitoring period, each participant supplied a sample of exhaled breath. Simultaneous outdoor samples were collected in 100 residential locations in 2 cities. Eleven compounds were present much of the time in air, but only 4 (the trihalomethanes) in water; wide ranges of exposures (3-4 orders of magnitude) were noted for most compounds. Ten of 11 compounds displayed significant correlations between air exposures and breath concentrations; the 11th (chloroform) was correlated with drinking water exposures. It was concluded that breath measurements are a feasible, cost-effective, and highly sensitive way to determine environmental and occupational exposures to volatile organic compounds.
Descriptors (primary) organic solvents; chlorinated hydrocarbons; determination in exhaled air; atmospheric pollution; exposure tests; chemical hazards
Descriptors (secondary) USA; description of technique; exposure evaluation
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Halogenated hydrocarbons
Environmental pollution
Air pollution