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Document ID (ISN)46294
CIS number 86-1082
Year 1980
Convention or series no.
Title Occupational health problems among beedi tobacco processing workers - A preliminary study
Bibliographic information Annual Report 1980, National Institute of Occupational Health, Ahmedabad-380016, India, p.40-48.
Abstract Results of a survey of 2 cigarette factories in the state of Gujarat (India). 69 of the 100 subjects reported vomiting, giddiness, headache, tiredness or loss of appetite. Female workers (74 subjects) showed impairment of respiratory functions. This difference from the male workers is probably due to the fact that the women are engaged in actual processing work, whereas the men are engaged in load carrying. Both male and female workers showed higher rates of nicotine and cotinine excretion than did controls. The symptoms of the workers resemble those of tobacco cultivators, and are attributable to nicotine exposure, but the levels of dust and airborne nicotine measured in the factory suggest that the route of nicotine entry is inhalation, while it is through the skin in the case of agricultural operations.
Descriptors (primary) India; dust; nicotine; tobacco industry
Descriptors (secondary) cotinine; developing countries; epidemiologic study
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Heterocyclic compounds
Tobacco industry