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Document ID (ISN)45921
CIS number 86-738
ISSN - Serial title 0105-1873 - Contact Dermatitis
Year 1986
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Singgih S.I.R., Lantinga H., Nater J.P., Woest T.E., Kruyt-Gaspersz J.A.
Title Occupational hand dermatoses in hospital cleaning personnel
Bibliographic information Jan. 1986, Vol.14, No.1, p.14-19. 11 ref.
Abstract Hospital cleaning personnel were examined for occupational dermatoses; 356 persons were included in the study. Their ages were 20-63 years with a mean of 40.1 years. The period prevalence rate of moderate and severe eczema was 12% (10% in men and 19% in women). In 88%, the eczema was of a duration longer than 2 years. Positive patch tests were found in 10% of men and 53% of women with eczema. The main allergens were nickel, cobalt, chromate and rubber chemicals. Positive tests to cleaning agents were rare. One case of contact allergy to sodium dichloroisocyanurate and one to Lysol were diagnosed. Irritant factors played a major role in most cases (92%). Fungus infection as a cause or complication in hand eczema should not be left out of consideration: in 2 persons, a mycosis of hands and/or fingernails was diagnosed.
Descriptors (primary) metals; irritation; mycoses; hospitals; eczema; cleaning; hand; skin allergies
Descriptors (secondary) cobalt; nickel; chromates; antioxidants; vulcanizing agents; stabilizers
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Skin diseases
Allergies
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Cleaning work
Inorganic substances
Health care services
Mycoses