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Document ID (ISN)45802
CIS number 86-726
ISSN - Serial title 0098-7484 - Journal of the American Medical Association
Year 1985
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Osterholm M.T., Garayalde S.M.
Title Clinical viral hepatitis B among Minnesota hospital personnel
Bibliographic information 13 Dec. 1985, Vol.254, No.22, p.3207-3212. Illus. 54 ref.
Abstract A 10-year survey of clinical hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections among Minnesota hospital personnel showed a drop from an annual incidence of 127 per 100,000 workers in 1975 to 8 per 100,000 workers in 1983. A similar drop was observed among personnel in hospitals with long-term haemodialysis (from 418 to 16 per 100,000). This drop in hepatitis B incidence occurred before the introduction of HBV vaccine and is probably due to improved infection control procedures. Conclusions of the study are (1) that most studies of HBV seroprevalence among hospital workers significantly overestimate the incidence of HBV infections, and (2) that vaccination of hospital employees against HBV, except in employees particularly at risk, would not be cost-effective.
Descriptors (primary) morbidity; hospitals; health services; infectious hepatitis
Descriptors (secondary) USA; immunization; epidemiologic study; infection control
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Liver diseases
Health care services
Bacterial and parasitic diseases
Viral diseases (other than aids)