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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)45683
CIS number 86-416
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 1985
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Withers R.M.J., Lees F.P.
Title The assessment of major hazards: the lethal toxicity of chlorine - Part 1, Review of information on toxicity; Part 2, Model of toxicity to man
Bibliographic information Dec. 1985, Vol.12, No.3, p.225-302. Illus. 230 ref.
Abstract In the first part, the literature is reviewed and evaluated and the results are used in the 2nd part to derive a revised estimate for the lethal toxicity of chlorine to man. Mortality is expressed in terms of a lethal toxic load which is a function of concentration and time. The concentrations lethal at the 50% level for a 10min exposure with a standard level of activity are estimated at 433, 173 and 364ppm for the regular, vulnerable and average population, respectively and those for a 30min exposure as 250, 100 and 210ppm respectively. A methodology for the application of the toxicity relationships in hazard assessments is given.
Descriptors (primary) chlorine; toxicology; disasters; lethal concentration 50; hazard evaluation
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Risk evaluation
Halogens and their inorganic compounds
Inorganic substances