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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)45278
CIS number 86-280
ISSN - Serial title 0095-6562 - Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine
Year 1985
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kanas N.
Title Psychosocial factors affecting simulated and actual space missions
Bibliographic information Aug. 1985, Vol.56, No.8, p.806-811. 46 ref.
Abstract This literature review surveys over 60 studies of psychosocial reactions by people in isolation (Antarctic and submarine research, simulated and actual spaceflight), covering literature from both the USA and the USSR. Some factors judged to be important were: isolation, monotony, confinement, group interactions, aggressivity, need for dominance and compatibility. Most of the missions reported on accomplished their goals despite the presence of psychosocial stress factors. Implications for prolonged spaceflight are discussed.
Descriptors (primary) work in isolation; space travel; social aspects; psychological effects
Descriptors (secondary) literature survey; USSR; USA; submarines; monotonous work; work in confined spaces; Antarctic
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Psychology and sociology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Mental health
Space travel