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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)44674
CIS number 85-1726
ISSN - Serial title Japanese Journal of Traumatology and Occupational Medicine
Year 1984
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Kanesaki H., Murai N.
Title Acute phosphine intoxication observed among stevedores engaged in the removal of silico-manganese ore from the hold of a ship
Bibliographic information July 1984, Vol.32, No.7, p.538-544. Illus. 9 ref.
Abstract Acute phosphine (PH3) intoxication was observed among 7 stevedores engaged in scraping out wet silico-manganese ore from the hold of a ship. Symptoms appeared 3-5h after work. The effects included chemical pneumonitis, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and disorders of the liver, kidneys, central nervous system and digestive tract. Although mild cases improved in one month, improvement of subjective and objective findings in severe cases took more time, and even after the administration of corticosteroids abnormalities remained for over half a year. Origin of the PH3: since the silico-manganese ore was wet, hydrogen was generated from the water by the action of the catalyst manganese, and the hydrogen reacted with small quantities of phosphorous in the ore.
Descriptors (primary) phosphine; acute poisoning; bulk materials handling; ores; ship holds; dock work
Descriptors (secondary) digestive system diseases; chemical reactions; diseases of central nervous system; sea transport; chemical pneumonitis; upper respiratory diseases; hepatic diseases; renal diseases
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Water transportation
Inorganic substances