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Document ID (ISN)43436
CIS number 85-450
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1984
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Nurminen M., Hernberg S.
Title Cancer mortality among carbon disulfide-exposed workers
Bibliographic information May 1984, Vol.26, No.5, p.341. 4 ref.
Abstract In a 15-year prospective follow-up of 2 industrial cohorts consisting of 343 viscose rayon plant workers exposed to carbon disulfide (CS2) and a similar number of paper mill workers, mortality from lung cancer was lower in the viscose rayon workers. The mortality rate ratio of 0.46 was not statistically significant. Deaths from other neoplasms numbered 10 in both cohorts. When the Finnish national death rates for 1975 were taken as a standard, the rayon plant workers still showed a favourable mortality experience for lung cancer, but neither of the relative rates differed statistically significantly from the general standard. Competing causes of death, mainly cardiovascular diseases, were statistically accounted for by life-table techniques. 55% of the rayon plant workers were smokers compared to 49% of the paper mill workers. Under moderate conditions of exposure it appears that CS2 is not carcinogenic.
Descriptors (primary) viscose rayon industry; lung cancer; mortality; carbon disulfide
Descriptors (secondary) smoking; comparative study; neoplasms; long-term study
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Inorganic sulfur compounds
Inorganic substances