ILO Home
Go to the home page
Site map | Contact us Franšais | Espa˝ol

CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)43017
CIS number 84-1982
ISSN - Serial title 0007-1072 - British Journal of Industrial Medicine
Year 1983
Convention or series no.
Author(s) McCarthy T.B., Jones R.D.
Title Industrial gassing poisonings due to trichlorethylene, perchlorethylene, and 1-1-1 trichloroethane, 1961-80
Bibliographic information Nov. 1983, Vol.40, No.4, p.450-455. Illus. 16 ref.
Abstract An analysis of 330 gassing incidents in the United Kingdom, involving 384 people. There were 17 fatalities and 168 cases of unconsciousness. Toxic effects were mostly on the central nervous system, with gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms also quite common. Only 4 cases of slight hepatic dysfunction were noted, with no conclusive evidence of hepatotoxicity. In 9 case reports deliberate solvent abuse was a causative factor, 7 of the victims being from the 15-19 years age group. It is suggested that supervisory staff be made constantly aware of the possibility of drug abuse among young workers.
Descriptors (primary) acute poisoning; chlorinated hydrocarbons; organic solvents; toxic gases
Descriptors (secondary) central nervous system; hepatotoxic effects; drug dependence; United Kingdom; young persons; trichloroethylene; tetrachloroethylene; unconsciousness; fatalities; 1,1,1-trichloroethane
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Halogenated hydrocarbons
Alcohol and drug abuse