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Document ID (ISN)40961
CIS number 83-2001
ISBN(s) 91-7464-170-0
Year 1983
Convention or series no. Arbete och hälsa 1983:16
Author(s) Hogstedt C., Gustavsson A., Frenning B.
Title Causes of death and exposure conditions of Swedish chimney sweeps
Original title Svenska skorstensfejares dödsorsaker och exponeringsförhållanden [in Swedish]
Bibliographic information Arbetarskyddsverket, Arbetarskyddsstyrelsen, Publikationsservice, 171 84 Solna, Sweden, 1983. 30p. 34 ref.
Abstract A study of 2,560 chimney sweeps who were active in the trade for at least 10 years. Of the 470 subjects who died during the period of the study, 126 died of cancers (the expected number in a population of this size is 82), 205 of cardiovascular disorders (165 expected), and 31 of respiratory disorders (17 expected). Apparent risk factors in the work environment: combustion products (sulfur compounds, nitrogen oxides, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and soot (review of the literature of harmful substances which can be inhaled by chimney sweeps). The frequency of lung cancer is almost 3 times higher among chimney sweeps than among the general population. Thus, measures must be taken to reduce inhalation of the substances responsible. An appendix contains tables giving causes of death (observed versus expected) for more than 40,000 chimney sweeps observed between 1951 and 1979; tables organised by age cohort show the effects of smoking.
Descriptors (primary) Sweden; harmful substances; mortality; chimney sweeping
Descriptors (secondary) leukaemia; nitrogen oxides; smoking; lung cancer; gastrointestinal cancer; chronic respiratory diseases; heart diseases; liver cancer; polycyclic hydrocarbons; epidemiologic study; sulfur; soot
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Confined spaces