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Document ID (ISN)40154
CIS number 83-1363
ISSN - Serial title Gigiena truda i professional'nye zabolevanija
Year 1981
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Ašbel' S.I., Šaronova Z.V.
Title Occupational hygiene and disease among medical personnel occupationally exposed to drugs
Original title Voprosy gigieny truda i profpatologii medicinskih rabotnikov, imejuščih proizvodstvennyj kontakt s lekarstvennymi preparatami [in Russian]
Bibliographic information June 1981, No.6, p.6-9. 7 ref.
Abstract Of 558 medical workers examined and/or treated, 92% had allergic reactions of the skin, upper respiratory tract or bronchi - most frequently dermatitis, eczema, or rash. The reactions occurred mainly in persons with many years of service. Patch testing of 100 subjects showed extensive allergy to common antibiotics, anaesthetics and group-B vitamins. Sinusitis, rhinitis, bronchitis and asthma occurrred, most often in response to penicillin and streptomycin. Some subjects with high sensitivity to 2-3 antigens (penicillin, streptomycin and Candida antigen) had a toxic-allergic myocarditis. 153 of the 558 subjects had candidiasis of the respiratory, genito-urinary and/or intestinal tract(s). Absorption through the skin and inhalation appeared to be the major routes of exposure to drugs. Improved ventilation, technical changes in certain procedures and frequent clinical examination of medical workers are recommended.
Descriptors (primary) allergens; drugs; health services; allergies; antibiotics
Descriptors (secondary) USSR; Candida antigen; streptomycin; penicillin; vitamin B; allergic respiratory disorders; skin allergies; health engineering; occupational health survey; medical supervision; candidiasis
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Allergies
Health care services
Mycoses
Bacterial and parasitic diseases