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Document ID (ISN)38813
CIS number 82-1899
ISBN(s) 951-801-286-5
Year 1982
Convention or series no. Tutkimuksia 184
Author(s) Niemelä R., Pfäffli P., Härkönen H.
Title Ventilation and exposure to organic solvents at car-wash installations
Original title Ilmanvaihto ja liuotinainealtistuminen autonpesupaikoilla [in Finnish]
Bibliographic information Työterveyslaitos, Laajaniitynitie 1, 01620 Vantaa 62, Finland, 1982. 39p. 19 ref. Illus. Price: Fmk.20.00.
Abstract Report of a study of 11 car-wash installations to determine: the level of exposure of workers to solvents (white spirit containing mainly aliphatic but also some aromatic hydrocarbons); and the effectiveness of the ventilation systems. Concentrations measured varied widely due to differences in both the efficiency of the ventilation systems and the type of vehicle being washed. The average concentration in the breathing zone was 160mg/m3 (range of 5-465mg/m3) when private cars were being washed; for lorries the corresponding figures were 270mg/m3 and 45-685 mg/m3. The average exposure was below the recommended limit of 770mg/m3. However, peak concentrations were as high as 4,500mg/m3. Average airflow during car washing was 1.3m3/s. Ventilation was most efficient when make-up air was blown down from the ceiling and exhausted near floor level.
Descriptors (primary) organic solvents; ventilation; washing; service stations and repair shops
Descriptors (secondary) report; Finland; aromatic hydrocarbons; aliphatic hydrocarbons; exposure evaluation; occupational hygiene evaluation; white spirit
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Subject(s) Heating, ventilation and climate
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Road transportation