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Document ID (ISN)38265
CIS number 82-1394
ISSN - Serial title Working Environment
Year 1982
Convention or series no.
Title Chimneysweeps die young
Bibliographic information 1982, p.18-20. Illus.
Abstract Nearly 3 times as many chimneysweeps in Sweden die of lung cancer than would be normal; 5 times as many die of throat cancer. There were 441 deaths among the 2,495 chimneysweeps studied, compared with an expected figure of 355 (excess mortality of 24%); of these, 32 died of lung cancer, against an expected figure of 12, i.e. nearly 3 times the normal population rate. 8 chimneysweeps died of ┐sophageal cancer, whereas 1.6 such deaths could normally be expected (5 times the normal population rate). Liver cancer also was 5 times the normal population rate. Cardiovascular diseases killed 182 of chimneysweeps studied, against an expected figure of 152. Hazards to which chimneysweeps are exposed: polycyclic aromatic compounds (including benzo(a)pyrene), nitrogen compounds which can convert into nitrosamines), arsenic, asbestos, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, solvents (for cleaning ventilation channels). Mortality among chimneysweeps could be reduced by use of respirators, expansion of channelled district heating, and information on the importance of personal hygiene.
Descriptors (primary) carcinogens; Sweden; soot; mortality; lung cancer; chimney sweeping
Descriptors (secondary) dangerous substances; cardiovascular diseases; arsenic; 5-nitrofuraldehyde (semicarbazone); nitrogen; asbestos; laryngeal cancer; tracheal cancer; pharyngeal cancer; benzo(a)pyrene; personal hygiene; epidemiologic study; personal protective equipment; respirators; sulfur dioxide; carbon monoxide
Document type D - Periodical articles
Subject(s) Occupational pathology
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Confined spaces
Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)