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Document ID (ISN)32073
CIS number 79-1750
ISSN - Serial title 0002-8894 - American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
Year 1979
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Weaver N.K., Gibson R.L.
Title The U.S. oil shale industry: a health perspective.
Bibliographic information June 1979, Vol.40, No.6, p.460-467. 21 ref.
Abstract Cancer experience in oil shale industry in Scotland and Estonia is briefly reviewed. Substances presenting a health hazard, including carcinogens, contained in raw shale, retort oil and spent shale are listed, and carcinogenicity tests are reported. An oral LD50 of 8-10g/kg and a dermal LD50 of 20g/kg for the crude retort oils which produced liver damage were determined. Toxic effects can be reduced by hydrogenation of the retort oils. Controls to prevent inhalation of raw and spent shale dusts, which contain silica, and contact with retort oils are indicated.
Descriptors (primary) shale oil; oil shale industry; harmful substances; carcinogens
Descriptors (secondary) silica; mineral oils; health hazards; health engineering; animal experiments; respirable dust
Document type -
Subject(s) Chemicals, plastics and rubber
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Petroleum and natural gas industry