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Document ID (ISN)31324
CIS number 79-833
ISSN - Serial title 0304-3894 - Journal of Hazardous Materials
Year 1979
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Morrissette M.D.
Title Hazard evaluation of chemicals for bulk marine shipment.
Bibliographic information Feb. 1979, Vol.3, No.1, p.33-48. 10 ref.
Abstract The chemicals transported in tank ships range in properties from essentially harmless to highly hazardous (human health hazards, flammability and reactivity hazards and flammable properties are considered). Although the USA and Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) require certain minimum data before classifying a new chemical to be transported in bulk, no formal system exists to correlate these data with specific shipboard requirements such as the location of the tank within the vessel, gauging and venting systems, or cargo overfill protection. Developing guidelines for the evaluation of chemicals is a two part problem. First, the inherent hazards of a chemical (the hazards of a product when it is released, without regard to the way it is stored as cargo) must be investigated. In the second part of the evaluation, these hazards are then correlated with specific shipboard requirements as mentioned above. This paper outlines the essential elements for developing a comprehensive system of hazard evaluation for bulk liquid chemicals.
Descriptors (primary) flammable liquids; harmful substances; water transport; chemical products; hazard evaluation; bulk carriers
Descriptors (secondary) flammability; tankers; classification; lethal dose 50; lethal concentration 50; bulk liquid containers
Document type -
Subject(s) Transport and communications
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Water transportation
Risk evaluation