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Document ID (ISN)29731
CIS number 78-1465
ISSN - Serial title 0096-1736 - Journal of Occupational Medicine
Year 1978
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Collins J.F., Redmond C.K.
Title The use of retirees to evaluate occupational hazards (I)- Comparison of cause specific mortality by work area (II).
Bibliographic information Sep. 1976, Vol.18, No.9, p.595-602; Apr. 1978, Vol.20, No.4, p.260-266. 41 ref.
Abstract Part I discussed the reasons for using a retiree population for occupational mortality studies rather than a total working cohort and compared the results of mortality studies among the total cohort of workers and retirees in 3 work areas of the steel industry. Major findings were: retiree studies detect occupational hazards such as respiratory cancer and non-malignant respiratory diseases; they do not indicate significant excess deaths from certain diseases occurring at a younger age; there was a larger difference between estimates based on retirees and on the total cohort than between all men aged over 65 years (65+) and the total cohort. Part II makes this comparison for blast furnace workers, janitors, and coke plant workers. Results: as a whole, retirees had lower, and 65+ workers higher, mortality rates than the general population; mortality patterns and relative risks for all disease categories considered were similar in 65+ and retired workers; study of retirees in the coke plant detected the lung cancer hazard.
Descriptors (primary) mortality; retired workers; epidemiologic study; hazard evaluation
Descriptors (secondary) occupational diseases; health hazards; comparative study; iron and steel industry; coking plants
Document type -
Subject(s) Medicine, hygiene and first aid
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Risk evaluation