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CISDOC database

Document ID (ISN)29587
CIS number 78-1116
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1978
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Axelson O., Sundell L.
Title Mining, lung cancer and smoking.
Bibliographic information Mar. 1978, Vol.4, No.1, p.46-52. 20 ref.
Abstract This update of an earlier study of zinc-lead miners showed a 16-fold increase in lung cancer mortality. Surprisingly, non-smokers were more apt to develop lung cancer than smokers, but the induction-latency time was about nine years shorter on the average for smokers. An explanation for these findings might be that smoking increases the thickness of the mucous layer and therefore protects the bronchial epithelium against alpha radiation from radon daughters, but it also promotes the development of cancer once induced by the radiation.
Descriptors (primary) iron ore mining; mining industry; lung cancer; smoking
Descriptors (secondary) ionizing radiation; Sweden; survey; mortality; radon daughters
Document type -
Subject(s) Mines and quarries
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Diseases of the respiratory system (except for pneumoconiosis & similar)
Mining and quarrying