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Document ID (ISN)27389
CIS number 77-1009
Year 1976
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Cohen S.C., Kinsman S., Maccabee H.D.
Title Evaluation of occupational hazards from industrial radiation: A survey of selected states.
Bibliographic information DHEW Publication No.(NIOSH)77-142, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, Ohio 45226, USA, Dec. 1976. 82p. 20 ref.
Abstract Potential hazards were studied from X-rays, radium and accelerators used in non-destructive testing, level gauges, instrument calibration, flow gauges, luminising, semiconductor manufacture, etc. The data came from records of 10 states and a commercial personnel dosimetry service, and the analysis covered reported incidents, inspections and citations for violations of regulations and radiation exposures over several years. Operator errors were the most frequent cause of accidents. The mean whole body exposure from X-ray sources was less than one-half of, while that of radium source exposure of workers was about the same as, exposure of workers in nuclear reactors. There were no extraordinary occupational hazards from these sources. Recommendations are made covering accurate and uniform reporting, training manuals, inspection without advance notice and research on unreported incidents.
Descriptors (primary) ionizing radiation; hazard evaluation; USA; radiation equipment and processes
Descriptors (secondary) analysis of accident causes; report; radium; statistics; x-rays; survey; personnel monitoring; legislation; inspection records; particle accelerators
Document type E - Books, reports, proceedings
Subject(s) Radiation
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Ionizing radiation
Risk evaluation