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Document ID (ISN)25453
CIS number 76-1329
ISSN - Serial title 0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Year 1976
Convention or series no.
Author(s) Tola S., Karskela V.
Title Occupational lead exposure in Finland - V. Shipyards and shipbreaking.
Bibliographic information Mar. 1976, Vol.2, No.1, p.31-36. 8 ref.
Abstract 3 Finnish shipyards and 2 shipbreaking enterprises were studied for lead exposure. Blood lead (Pb-B) concentration was measured for 568 workers in the shipyards and 13 workers in the shipbreaking enterprises. Erythrocyte δ-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activity was determined for 139 workers in one shipyard and 7 workers in one shipbreaking enterprise. Haemoglobin level was determined for 545 workers in the 3 shipyards and 7 workers in one shipbreaking enterprise. Lead exposure in the shipyards was relatively low. No Pb-B value exceeded 70µg/100ml. The most exposed occupations were welders, plumbers, painters, repairmen, and sheet metal workers. The mean Pb-B did not exceed 40µg/100ml in any of these groups. In both shipbreaking enterprises one Pb-B value exceeded 70µg/100ml, the mean Pb-B values of all the workers in the two enterprises being 51 and 46µg/100ml, respectively. ALAD values corresponded well with the respective Pb-B values. All the haemoglobin mean values were normal, and there were no statistically significant differences between the haemoglobin values of different groups. For Part IV, see CIS 76-240.
Descriptors (primary) lead; exposure tests; shipbuilding industry; shipbreaking
Descriptors (secondary) Finland; ALAD; blood monitoring; occupational health survey; shipyards
Document type -
Subject(s) Toxic and dangerous substances
Broad subject area(s)
Browse category(ies) Biological monitoring
Inorganic substances
Shipbuliding and ship repair
Lead and compounds