|Document ID (ISN)||25453|
|ISSN - Serial title
||0355-3140 - Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
|Convention or series no.
||Tola S., Karskela V.
||Occupational lead exposure in Finland - V. Shipyards and shipbreaking.
||Mar. 1976, Vol.2, No.1, p.31-36. 8 ref.
||3 Finnish shipyards and 2 shipbreaking enterprises were studied for lead exposure. Blood lead (Pb-B) concentration was measured for 568 workers in the shipyards and 13 workers in the shipbreaking enterprises. Erythrocyte δ-aminolaevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activity was determined for 139 workers in one shipyard and 7 workers in one shipbreaking enterprise. Haemoglobin level was determined for 545 workers in the 3 shipyards and 7 workers in one shipbreaking enterprise. Lead exposure in the shipyards was relatively low. No Pb-B value exceeded 70µg/100ml. The most exposed occupations were welders, plumbers, painters, repairmen, and sheet metal workers. The mean Pb-B did not exceed 40µg/100ml in any of these groups. In both shipbreaking enterprises one Pb-B value exceeded 70µg/100ml, the mean Pb-B values of all the workers in the two enterprises being 51 and 46µg/100ml, respectively. ALAD values corresponded well with the respective Pb-B values. All the haemoglobin mean values were normal, and there were no statistically significant differences between the haemoglobin values of different groups. For Part IV, see CIS 76-240.
||lead; exposure tests; shipbuilding industry; shipbreaking
||Finland; ALAD; blood monitoring; occupational health survey; shipyards
||Toxic and dangerous substances
|Broad subject area(s)
Shipbuliding and ship repair
Lead and compounds